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Just Published: Whose Man?

Posted on December 01, 2018

FLIV A poesia nacional de hoje com Ricardo Aleixo 27-04-11 (10)
Ricardo Aleixo performing at a national poetry festival in Brazil in 2011. By André Luiz D. Takahashi.
I am whatever you think a black man is. You almost never think about black men.

Ricardo Aleixo's prose poem "My Man" appears in this month's issue of the magazine Words Without Borders, dedicated to Afro-Brazilian writing. At once confrontational and deeply vulnerable, the poem can be an excellent starting point for a classroom conversation of race and identity.

The poem's subject is "the blackness that defines a black man in the eyes of someone who is not black:" what it feels like to be constantly under the gaze of a race-obsessed society.

I am your black man. I’ll never be only your black man. I am my black man before I am yours. Your black man.

The poem's staccato rhythms, its sudden reversals and dislocations, echo the disorientation of double-consciousness. These rhythms are evident both in the original Portuguese, which students can experience in Aleixo's performance video below, and in the English translation from Dan Hanrahan.

(Watch on YouTube.)

Spanish-speaking students may be able to understand some of the original language of the poem, published online in Portuguese in the poetry magazine moda de usar & co.

Classroom Activities
  1. Show students the performance video. Ask them what they think the poem may be about, based on Aleixo's movements, intonations, and any words they recognize.
  2. Have students read the poem aloud to one another, with expression, in pairs. Have students discuss their initial responses: "What does it feel like to hear the poem? To speak the words of the poem?"
  3. Then, in small groups, have students discuss these questions:
  • Who is the "you" in this poem? What is that person doing and thinking?
  • Who is the poem's narrator? What are the narrator's emotions as the poem moves forward? What do you know for sure about the narrator? What are some inferences you could make? How confident are you in those inferences? (The poem plays with readers' perceptions of what a "black man" is.)

Finally, bring the class back together to discuss the poem's ending:

Those times that I am not just black, I am as adrift as the most lost white person. I am not just what you think I am.

Ask students:

  • If we look only at a person's race, what are we missing?
  • What does the narrator want "you" to understand? Is that kind of understanding possible? Likely? Why or why not?
Contextual Resources

For more on Aleixo, an article in Jacket 2 discusses the performative elements of Aleixo's poetry---his experiments with visuals, sound and video in performance, including the black cloth that appears in the video above, as well DJ-ing, guitarplaying, and animation.

Related reading on Afro-Brazilian identity includes "The Women of Black Lives Matter in Brazil," published in Afropunk; and a article about police violence against Afro-Brazilians, the subject of a different Aleixo poem, "Night of Calunga in the Bairro Cabula," which appears beneath "My Man" in this month's issue of WWB.

Pairs Well with…

Like many works about culture, race, and stereotypes, "My Man" is at once specific and universal. In their introduction to the December issue of WWB, Eric Becker and John Keene draw a parallel between Aleixo and James Baldwin. Another WWB author, a recent immigrant to the United States from Peru, also drew a connection to Baldwin in his essay "I am not your Cholo." Other WWB literature on similar themes includes:

The Japanese story The Trapped Boy, from the point of a view of a bullied teenager, is another work of literature that places readers inside a fragmented perspective, intentionally creating a sense of disorientation.

Potential Assignments
  1. Write a poem addressed to someone who sees you in a certain way – perhaps an authority figure, a family member, or a peer. The "you" of the poem can be an individual person, or a member of group. What does the person get wrong about you? What do you want the person to know? The poem can be in prose form, like this one.
  2. (Optional/ Challenge) Prepare to perform your poem in class or record it as a video. Make thoughtful choices around expression, movement, and visual elements, and explain those choices in a short paper.